The Republic of Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world comprising 13,466 large and small tropical islands fringed with white sandy beaches, many still uninhabited and a number even still unnamed. Straddling the equator, situated between the continents of Asia and Australia and between the Pacific and the Indian Oceans, it is as wide as the United States from San Francisco to New York, equaling the distance between London and Moscow. Indonesia has a total population of more than 215 million people from more than 200 ethnic groups. The national language is Bahasa Indonesia.
4 Top Activities in Indonesia
1. Diving and Snorkeling
Home to over a quarter of the world's marine life, the Indonesian Archipelago is famous for its world class diving and exciting underwater beauty.
Take a plunge and discover an ocean teeming with all types of marine life, from Weh Island in Sumatra to Raja Ampat in Papua. Where else in the world can you get up close to a whole school of giant manta rays and turtles, dive spectacular drop-offs and explore old shipwrecks?
Whether you're an experienced diver looking for a new challenge or simply want to try your hand at snorkeling for the first time, the tropical waters of Indonesia will not disappoint.
Plunge into Indonesia's ultimate underwater experience.
2.Hiking and Trekking
Satisfy your craving for outdoor adventure with a trip into some of Indonesia's rugged and untamed nature. From trekking in the jungle and seeing orang utans play in the wild to climbing volcanic peaks of Bromo or Kelimutu, there is no end to the amount of outdoor adventures you can have in Indonesia. Using an eco-tour to explore some of the most remote destinations will ensure that your visit conserves nature rather than exploits these beautiful destinations.
Bromo is 4 hours drive from Surabaya, the capital of East Java, Mount Bromo is a part of the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park that covers a massive area of 800 square kilometres. While it may be small when measured against other volcanoes in Indonesia, the magnificent Mt Bromo will not disappoint with its spectacular views and dramatic landscapes. At 2392 meters tall, Mt Bromo is not among the tallest of Indonesia’s mountains but its stunning beauty lies in its incredible setting.
Must Do: Watching the sun rise spectacularly over Mt Bromo is the highlight of any trip here.
Visit in the month of Kasada (usually in September-November) and witness the annual Kasada festival where the local Tenggerese come to Bromo to throw offerings of vegetables, chickens and money into the crater of the volcano.
Mt. Kelimutu National Park, on the island of Flores, is the smallest among six national parks in the stretch between Bali and the Nusatenggara islands. Its size obviously does not matter much when it offers one of the most spectacular wonders that nature has to offer. There are three lakes on the mountain sharing the same name, Kelimutu, meaning ‘the boiling lake’. Each has its own colors and a local name. But all are believed to be the resting place of departed souls.
3. Heritage Sites
Many of the world's most ancient wonders can be found in Indonesia. From sacred temples to palace ruins, from prehistoric remains to living traditions, visitors from around the world come to Indonesia, attracted by its unique and diverse cultures and vibrant heritage.
Whether you take the opportunity to see traditional batik cloths being made, experience centuries old customs and festivities with a visit to a traditional village, or soak up some history in one of Indonesia's many museums – the list of heritage attractions appears endless.
Ancient Sites of Kokas are remains of pre-history sites where you can find drawings on canyons. These drawings show palms and animals which are still clear until now.These drawings on canyons locally known as Tapuraran, were made using natural materials in red color, similar to human blood. Therefore, the local community often calls them blood paintings. In several parts, you can find human bones, because ancestors of the local community did not bury dead bodies but placed them by the canyon, inside caves, capes, or under a big tree which was believed to be special or sacred. These sites are in Andamata, Fior, Forir, Darembang, and Goras, in Kokas district, Fak-Fak, West Papua.
A Special Destination:
Wayag Island, Raja Ampat: The Ultimate Underwater Beauty
Wayag Island is one of the islands within the Raja Ampat district in the province of West Papua. The island is known for its beautiful atolls and amazing underwater life covering a total area of 155,000 hectares.
Here, you find pristine beaches with unique Karst islands that look like mushrooms sprouting out from the sea. Along these beaches, tourists can see fairy tale panorama. The crystal clear waters appear like unreal windows to various types of flora and fauna that live underwater.
Divers, have been overwhelmed not only by the rich underwater displays, but also by the panoramic beauty of the island as they climb up to its highest platform and observe coves and atolls around. It is a dream come true, truly a dream fulfilled.
4. Spas and Retreats
As a country that is expert in spa treatments, luxury and relaxation that was once been the sole privilege of the aristocracy has risen to an art in Indonesia. The serene landscapes of the country make it the perfect backdrop for your rejuvenation and escape from the daily grind. Take the opportunity to recharge your body and soul with a visit to some one of the world’s best spas, in Bali, Java and Jakarta . From massages and meditations, to facials and body scrubs, a spa is guaranteed to offer something to help you relax. Indonesian spa’s range all the way from secluded hideaways in beautiful natural surrounds to serene parlours tucked away in the streets of big cities. Whichever type of spa you choose, it will be an ideal place to rest your body and soul and forget all about the hectic pace of modern living. Spas are located all around the country with locals swearing by their healing and tranquil practices. Escape from the cares of the world and take the chance to be professionally pampered at an Indonesian spa. It’s guaranteed you won’t regret it.